Species Factsheet

Salvelinus fontinalis


Complete name: Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814)
Taxonomy: Osteichthyes » Chordata » Actinopterygii » Salmoniformes » Salmonidae » Salvelinus fontinalis
Authors: Melanie Josefsson
Last updated: December 20th, 2006

Common Names

Brook trout, brook charr, sea trout.


Baione fontinalis (Mitchill, 1814)
Salmo canadensis Griffith & Smith, 1834
Salmo fontinalis Mitchill, 1814
Salmo hudsonicus Suckley, 1861
Salvelinus fontinalis
Salvelinus timagamiensis Henn & Rinckenbach, 1925

Short Description

This salmonid predatory fish has a long, streamlined body with a large mouth that extends past the eye. Colour variations include olive, blue-grey, or black above with a silvery white belly and wormlike markings (vermiculations) along the back. They have red spots on their sides. The lower fins have a white front edge with black and the remainder being reddish orange. The tail fin is square or rarely slightly forked. During breeding time in the fall, male brook trout can become very bright orange-red along the sides.