Species Factsheet

Opuntia ficus-indica


Complete name: Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.
Taxonomy: Magnoliophyta » Magnoliophyta » Rosopsida » Caryophyllales » Cactaceae » Opuntia ficus-indica
Authors: Montserrat Vilà
Last updated: October 4th, 2006

Common Names

Prickly-pear cacti, cactus pear, Indian-fig prickly-pear.


Opuntia ficus-barbarica A. Berger
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.

Short Description

This cactus can reach up to 2 m height. Succulent stems are flat, oval and segmented. Flowers 5-6 cm in diameter are orange. Fruits have the size and shape of a fig and are purple. It has a CAM physiology with very high water-use efficiency.